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The Effect of Various Fly Ash Content on Geopolymer Concrete with Different Curing Regime

Nurul Syazwani Binti Mohamed, Nurul Syazwani (2010) The Effect of Various Fly Ash Content on Geopolymer Concrete with Different Curing Regime. Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Seri Iskandar, Tronoh ,Perak. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Environmental problems associated with cement production had long been recognized and concerns of reducing the impact from cement industry had arisen globally. Therefore, the urge to replace usage of cement in concrete with other materials h? s become the main focus in construction industry nowadays. Fly ash as a waste material resulted from combustion of coal in the electrical power plant, had also contributed to environmental problems due to abundance of fly ash that was disposed to the landfills. However, fly ash is a pozzolanic material that contain high amount of aluminium and silicon which has high potential to replace cement. In this research, Geopolymer Concrete had been developed by incorporating fly ash as the main binder and completely eliminated the used of cement. Various fly ash densities was used in this research which are 250,300,350,400 and 450 kg/m3, in order to identify the optimum proportion of fly ash in Geopolymer Concrete. The Geopolymer Concrete was cured under 3 different curing regimes which are ambient, external exposure and oven curing, to identify the effect of curing regime on concrete strength. The compressive strength were tested on 3, 7,28 and 56 days for ambient and external exposure curing, while 1,3,7, and 28 days for oven curing. Besides, the inner properties of Geopolymer Concrete was also studied. The other materials used to develop this concrete are 8M sodium hydroxide, sodium silicate, aggregates and extra water. In the manufacturing process, all the solid components were dry mixed for 2.5 minutes and continued with wet mixed for another 1.5 minutes by added all the liquid components. Th-. Geopolymer Concrete was manufactured by adopting the same equipment as OPC Concrete. It is concluded that the optimum mix proportion of' fly ash in Geopolymer Concrete were recorded as 300,350 and 400 kg/m3 for ambient, external exposure and oven curing respectively. The results showed that curing regime had significant impact on concrete compressive strength. Oven curing concrete had the highest compressive strength compared to other concretes. The inner properties of Geopolymer Concrete was studied by conducting Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) Analysis. From the images of concrete obtained, the relation between the Interfacial Transition Zone (ITZ) with compressive strength was verified.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Subject: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Engineering > Civil
Depositing User: Users 5 not found.
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2012 12:23
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:43
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/1026

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