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Digital Elevation Modeling of Inaccessible Slope by Using Close-range Photogrammetric Data

Bambang Kun Cahyono, Bambang (2009) Digital Elevation Modeling of Inaccessible Slope by Using Close-range Photogrammetric Data. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Petronas.

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Abstract

Digital Elevation Model (DEM) currently is extensively used extensively in various applications such as for natural hazard assessment and monitoring of high risk areas. DEM data source of inaccessible areas can be collected by using several methods, but mostly are costly and requires sophisticated instruments. Due to these conditions, close-range photogrammetry offers a low cost alternative solution. Materials presented in this thesis are based on the experiments to explain the application of close-range photogrammetry with the aid of commercial digital pocket camera as DEM data collection tools, applied on inaccessible slope areas. The analysis covers calibration of the camera and surveying instruments, DEM data collections, data processing and visualization, together with DEM quality measures. The data collections are accomplished on several study areas with different topographical characteristics by using close-range photogrammetry technique. The sampling points were selected on stereo model, by using three types of sampling methods. The DEM quality measures are assessed by following elevation interpolation error and volumetric difference error analyses. The representation of the DEM is generated using TIN-based (Triangular Irregular Network) approach. The result shows that the method is able to be applied for three dimensional (3D) modeling of potentially unstable slope areas, with accuracy of less than 15 cm in RMS for elevation error and is less than l% in volume error. The result has indicated that topographical condition has not affected the accuracy of generated DEM. Improvement of point density radically enhances the DEM's quality, up to a certain level of point density beyond which the increment of the accuracy is not significant. The difference setting of focal length has also influences the quality of captured images, and drastically affects the accuracy of the DEM. If the accuracy of the DEM is a matter of concern, the preferred sampling method is selective sampling, While if accuracy and DEM's time generation are the concern the most effective sampling method is regular sampling method. Since there was no permanent points on the observed slope surface, velocity and direction of landslide could not be accurately determined. However the distribution of mass movement and elevation changed on the slope surfaces can be modeled through spatialcalculation of overlaying DEMs together with profiling of cross-section and longitudinalsection of the generated DEMs.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subject: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: ?? sch_civ ??
Depositing User: Users 5 not found.
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2012 12:18
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2017 15:48
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/1031

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