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YUSOF @GHANI , HAZW AN ARIF (2011) PHENOL FROM PALM BIO-OIL VIA SALT EXTRACTION. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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Renewable source of energy and chemicals is highly sought after nowadays with the alarming global concerns on the price insecurity, source depletion and environmental impact of the fossil fuel usage. Biomass becomes the source of interest to obtain energy and products that are environmental friendly with net zero carbon footprints, especially for Malaysia that has to manage abundant agricultural wastes. Malaysian palm biomass i.e. kernel shell, empty fruit brunch and trunk can be processed using a thermal treatment called pyrolysis to produce bio-oil, a complex mixture of phenolic compounds, acetic acid and aldehyds. In this study, phenol is going to be extracted using liquid-liquid extraction method. Addition small amount of salt at ambient condition in different of cations and anions including ZnS04. MgS04, Na2S04, K2S04, ZnCh, MgCh, NaCl and KCl; into bio-oil would form two phases of bio-oil which is light phase and dark phase. The results of this separation were analyzed by using GC-FID. It found that polar compound will concentrated in light phase while the non-polar compound including phenol concentrated in dark phase. Different types of salt and salts concentration will give different value of phenol in dark phase.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Reactor Technology
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2013 17:16
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:41
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/10591

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