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Photohydrogen Production Using Tandem Cell

Mohd Nasir, Abdullah Yasin (2010) Photohydrogen Production Using Tandem Cell. Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Today, hydrogen is primarily used as a chemical feedstock in the petrochemical, food, electronics, and metallurgical processing industries. It is also rapidly emerging as a major component in clean sustainable energy systems. Although hydrogen is considered clean energy, its most practiced production method, steam reforming of natural gas releases large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, promoting the greenhouse effect and global warming. Among the alternative methods of production that scientists are delving into are photocatalytic reactions. However, the efficiency and availability of photocatalysts which can be activated by the solar spectrum or reduced sunlight conditions is limited. Thus, the aim of this study is to investigate and develop the process of photohydrogen production using tandem cell in order to allow improved absorption of the visible region of sunlight. Two types of photocatalysts, copper-doped and iron-doped titania are used in this experiment, each with three different weight loadings. The photocatalysts were prepared using precipitation method. After preparation, the photocatalysts are characterized using the Diffuse Reflectance UV-Vis (DRS), the X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD), the Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) and the Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) Spectra. The results of these analyses are included in the report. The tandem cell is constructed and reaction studies using the photocatalysts and the tandem cell are conducted. The reaction studies are done to observe the amount of hydrogen produced from distilled water and seawater, and to see the performance of each photocatalyst in comparison with the tandem cell setup. From the reaction studies, 5wt% Cu-Ti02 and 1.5wt% Fe-Ti02 are found to exhibit the best performance and are used in comparison with the tandem cell setup. Upon comparison, it is found that although the tandem cell falls short of the copper doped catalyst in terms of hydrogen production, it exceeds the performance of the ferum doped catalyst significantly. It can be concluded that the tandem cell is applicable in photohydrogen production, thus the project objective is achieved.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Process Safety
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2014 08:46
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2014 08:46
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/10793

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