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Analysis of Milk Fat Deposition Using Avrami Kinetics Model

Abu Bakar, Azharun Saidi Hamzah (2012) Analysis of Milk Fat Deposition Using Avrami Kinetics Model. IRC, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS.

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Abstract

The deposition of milk was conducted to determine the crystallinity content of milk fat which will affect on the mass production and storage of the products where it would be undergone other process for various purposes whether fresh or processed products. Kinetics analyses were conducted to study the deposition of the milk whereas most of the deposits are rich in milk fat. Different heating and cooling temperature, equipments or medium of the milk fat deposition were used and effect of sample size had been selected as the parameter for the experiment. Through the analysis, milks that deposit under fast cooling yielded a higher Avrami constant (k), and a lower Avrami exponent (n) compared with the slow cooling sample. Different heating temperature also gives different time for the milk fat to start to deposit and time required for the milk fat to fully crystallized/deposited. Through experiment, higher heating temperature leads to lower Avrami constant (k), and a higher Avrami exponent (n) while for lower cooling temperature, it resulted in opposite effects. For 80°C to 0°C,k and n value is 2.655 and 0.29 while for 60°C to 0°C, the k and n value is 2.951 and 0.235. Experimental of different equipment shows the higher conductivity equipment (metal cup) produce higher k and lower n value which is 2.655 and 0.29 compared to beaker which is 2.2909 and 0.317. For experiment of different sample size, 25 g shows higher k and lower n value which is 3.5727 and 0.201, compared to 100 g which is 1.799 and 0.429 in the same operating condition.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Separation Process
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Ahmad Suhairi Mohamed Lazim
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2015 11:53
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:40
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/15273

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