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TORJREFACTION STUDIES OF VARIOUS OIL PALM BIOMASS

ABDUL AZIZ, MUAFAH (2013) TORJREFACTION STUDIES OF VARIOUS OIL PALM BIOMASS. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS.

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Abstract

Oil palm biomass are the main agricultural wastes in Malaysia. However, biomass have relatively high moisture content, low energy density and durability against biodegradation. To overcome these problems, a pre-treatment method called as torrefaction process was applied in this work. Torrefaction process of empty fruit bunches (EFB), palm mesocarp fiber (PMF) and palm kernel shell (PKS) of size range 250-500 um were performed under inert atmosphere at mild torrefaction (200, 220 and 240 °C) and severe torrefaction (260, 280 and 300 °C) in the TGA and tube furnace. The objectives of this research work were to investigate the changes in the properties of torrefied biomass included CHNS content, calorific value, weight loss distribution, mass and energy yield, mass loss and internal structure. Torrefaction behavior and its kinetic have been studied and a model was proposed to predict the produced amount of torrefied biomass.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Separation Process
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Ahmad Suhairi Mohamed Lazim
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2015 11:55
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:39
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/15281

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