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BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM PALM OIL OVER CERIUM OXIDE DOPED TITANIUM DIOXIDE NANOMATERIALS

LOGANATHAN, GUNAVICKNESWARY (2015) BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM PALM OIL OVER CERIUM OXIDE DOPED TITANIUM DIOXIDE NANOMATERIALS. IRC, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

A brief study was carried out on heterogeneous base catalyst for the transesterification process of oil targeted at effective production of biodiesel. So in order to investigate the catalytic activity and efficiency in improving the production of biodiesel, the characterization and synthesis of Titanium Oxide nanoparticles with ionic liquid to enhance its catalytic effects was carried out. Furthermore, the characterization of Titanium Dioxide was done by using various analytical equipments such as Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Raman Spectra Analysis and so on. So by this, the relation of structure and catalytic activity of the prepared substances can be examined. The catalyst dosage, reaction time and temperature, and the catalyst reusability are the main variables that need to be evaluated. Besides that, the biodiesel is fabricated by using selected feedstock which is palm oil, and then it will be characterized to study the reaction of biodiesel with the catalyst prepared in order to improve the production. The Free Fatty Acid of palm oil is 0.11% and it is below 2%. So this allows for one-step transesterification process. Under the optimized condition the reusability of the catalyst is also tested and it can recycle for about 5 times with some decrease in yield. Generally this shows that heterogeneous catalyst can be recycled and dosage and reaction time can also be manipulated to get better yield. The obtained result proves that with increase of dosage and reaction time we can increase the yield of biodiesel. So overall, there is a very high chance to support biodiesel production by using this method.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Separation Process
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Ahmad Suhairi Mohamed Lazim
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 16:58
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:36
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/15747

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