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Prediction of Pore water Pressure Responses to Rainfall Using Auto Regressive Integrated Moving Average Method (ARIMA)

SATHIVEL, SHALINI (2016) Prediction of Pore water Pressure Responses to Rainfall Using Auto Regressive Integrated Moving Average Method (ARIMA). IRC, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS.

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Abstract

Pore water pressure (PWP) is the pressure of groundwater contain within a soil or rock, in gaps between particles (pores). Information of pore water pressure is required for slope stability analysis. Field instrumentation to collect PWP data is time consuming and expensive exercise. The objective of this study was to predict soil pore water pressure responses to rainfall. Time series of PWP and rainfall for one month of 10 minutes resolution were used to develop ARIMA model. Autocorrelation and partial autocorrelation were performed to select appropriate input for the model. The ARIMA modelling was performed in three stages i.e. identification and estimatation of modelling parameters; diagnostic , and forecasting. Statgraphic software was used for this analysis. Performances of the ARIMA model was evaluated using root mean square (RMSE) and mean square error (MAE). ARIMA model with configuration of (3,1,3) was chosen to predict the PWP based on lowest error achieved (AIC = 0.065). The RMSE and MAE were 0.863 and 0.52 respectively. The predicted PWP data were observed is very closed to experimental PWP data. The study recommended that use of ARIMA for other hydrological analysis could also be advantageous. Additionally, correlation analysis is advantageous for appropriate selection of antecedent values and can be helpful to improve the model efficiency. This study was performed one hour interval of data and further research can be carried out using different time interval to estimate how long the model can give a good prediction.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Civil Engineering - Water and environment - Water
Subject: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Engineering > Civil
Depositing User: Ahmad Suhairi Mohamed Lazim
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2018 09:51
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2018 09:51
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/17988

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