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THE EFFECTS OF SOLAR REFLECTANCE INDEX OF ROOF TILES AND OTHER DESIGN FEATURES ON INDOOR THERMAL COMFORT FOR HOUSING IN TROPICAL CLIAMA TE

AL YACOUBY, AHMAD MAHAMD (2012) THE EFFECTS OF SOLAR REFLECTANCE INDEX OF ROOF TILES AND OTHER DESIGN FEATURES ON INDOOR THERMAL COMFORT FOR HOUSING IN TROPICAL CLIAMA TE. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS.

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Abstract

Residential buildings in hot humid climate zone are experiencing overheating of living spaces below the roof as a result of inappropriate selection of roofing systems and construction materials. Hence, occupants tend to use air conditioning systems that increase the overall electricity consumption and greenhouse gases emissions i.e. C02. Therefore, this thesis is mainly intended to develop a cool house for hot humid climate zone by simply introducing roofing materials with higher Solar Reflectance Index (SRI). The research methodology adopted in this study consists of experimental investigations and survey data collection methods and is mainly designed· in three phases. The first phase consists of a qualitative survey that aims to investigate and determine the actual condition of roof colors in the existing buildings:·. obtain a perception of home buyers on implementation of light colored roof tiles, and determine the understating level, awareness and barriers facing utilizationof light colored roof tiles with higher SRI in the local construction industry. The second phase of this research is an experimental investigation conducted on an experimental house which was constructed within UTP campus. The experimental study is mainly intended to determine and establish the most important parameters that i~fluence the SRI values, namely, (I) Roof tile's color, (2) material composition, and (3) the roof slope and orientation. While the third phase of this study consists of value engineering, with stress on cost saving and C02 reduction associated with implementation of light colored roof tiles with emphasize on Putrajaya as a case study for a green and sustainable city in Malaysia. The questionnaires data were analyzed using statistical techniques, whilst the analysis of experimental results was based on the theory of heat transfer and thermodynamic in buildings (i.e. building physics). The survey analysis results suggest that 78.5% of the existing buildings in Malaysia have dark colored roof tiles. In addition, 73.6% of Malaysians are depending on air conditioning systems to improve indoor thermal comfort for housing. The survey has determined that (I) lack of knowledge, (2) maintenance issues and (3) cultural and religious background are the main challenges facing implementation of light colored roof tiles especially "white roof' in Malaysia. Further, the experimental study suggested that "white" color roof tile is the best in terms of solar reflectivity, flowed by "orange" and "red" color respectively. Furthermore, regarding the material composition, clay tiles were found to be cooler than concrete roof tiles, whilst the roof configuration with 32° sloping in both sides was much better in terms of achieving cooler and healthier indoor thermal comfort. The overall findings of this research strongly support the need for implementation of roofing materials with higher SRI values in order to improve the indoor thermal comfort, reduce electricity consumption in buildings and, consequently, mitigate greenhouse gases emissions and global warming.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Civil Engineering - Structures, materials and construction
Subject: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Engineering > Civil
Depositing User: Ahmad Suhairi Mohamed Lazim
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2021 20:08
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2021 20:08
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/21126

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