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EXTRAPOLATION PERFORMANCE OF DYNAMIC MODELS FOR A CONTINUOUS DISTILLATION COLUMN

HOANG, SON TRUONG (2012) EXTRAPOLATION PERFORMANCE OF DYNAMIC MODELS FOR A CONTINUOUS DISTILLATION COLUMN. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS.

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Abstract

Modelling has always played an important role in the process engmeermg. An important characteristic of any model is its ability to extrapolate beyond the operating regions that were used for the model development. White - box models, which built based on fundamental laws, are generally expected to have better extrapolation performance than the empirical - based, (or black - box) models. However, this expectation is vague for there have been no experimental proof and quantitative analysis on a real, complex process. This thesis was aimed to provide a clear understanding with experimental proof on the extrapolation performances of black - box and white - box models. First, a rigorous white - box model of a pilot - scale continuous distillation column was developed based on conservation laws of mass and energy. The model has nine unknown parameters that need to be estimated. The unknown parameters were categorized into static (six parameters) and dynamic (three parameters) for the ease of the estimation. Second, black- box models of autoregressive with exogenous input (ARX) and state - space structures were selected with a quantitative criterion for selection. Two experiments were carefully designed and carried out on the distillation column to collect data for parameter estimation and validation of the models. Finally, analysis and comparison of the models' performances, with emphasis on the extrapolation performance of the models, were carried out. Four ARX and five state- space models were selected based on the average fit indexes of the models' simulated outputs against validation data. The white - box model outperforms the black- box models with 69.1% average fit to validation data, while the best black- box model could only produce 59.2% average fit. However, in terms of extrapolation performance the white - box model is the worst with negative average fit indexes for both sets of extrapolation data (-16.4% and -19.94%), while a state- space model produces the best fit results (55.76% and 53.11 %).

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Electrical And Electronics - Pervasisve Systems - Digital Electronics - Prototyping
Subject: Electrical and Electronics > Instrumentation and Control
Divisions: Engineering > Electrical and Electronic
Depositing User: Ahmad Suhairi Mohamed Lazim
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2021 20:08
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2021 20:08
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/21127

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