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LABORATORY INVESTIGATION AND SIMULATION MODELING OF DIFFERENT I-WAG SCHEMES TOWARDS OPTIMUM DISPLACEMENT EFFICIENCY

MOUSAVI MIRKALAEI, SEYED MOUSA (2012) LABORATORY INVESTIGATION AND SIMULATION MODELING OF DIFFERENT I-WAG SCHEMES TOWARDS OPTIMUM DISPLACEMENT EFFICIENCY. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS.

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Abstract

Water alternating gas (WAG) injection is a well-known Enhance Oil Recovery process to improve sweep and displacement efliciency by gas trapping and controlling the mobility of gas. The main aim of the WAG injection is to maximize the three�phase flow region in the reservoir and minimize non-swept areas. The physics of the displacement processes during WAG injection is, however, complex due to three�phase flow in porous media. In this research, to better understand the active mechanisms of immiscible WAG (I-WAG), a series of visual experiments have been conducted on a 20 sandpack by using an X-Ray image technique with an industrial type of CT-Scan-high resolution�machine. The sand-pack is designed to simulate different schemes of 1-WAG with considering the effects of viscous, gravity, and capillary forces in different injection orientations (horizontal and tilted) at ambient and elevated pressure and temperature conditions. The experiments are conducted in up dip and down dip orientations for injection. 20 dynamic injection front profiles are captured that help to understand the swept area, three phase flow region, and mechanisms of 1-WAG under the different schemes were studied. Simulation studies are also conducted based on the physical parameters of the sand-pack to simulate the experiments and to be able to run more sensitivity analysis. The trained simulation parameters validated against the experimental results guide the field simulation of the same process. The efficiency of three different I-WAG injection schemes towards the improvement of recovery factor are investigated by conducting numerical simulation studies on one homogeneous model and one highly heterogeneous real field sector models. The studied first scheme (Scheme I) is up dip gas injection and down dip water injection and the second scheme (Scheme II) is the down dip gas injection and up dip water injection.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Petroleum Geosciences - Petrophysics - Data integration and field studies
Subject: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Geoscience and Petroleum Engineering
Depositing User: Ahmad Suhairi Mohamed Lazim
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2021 23:31
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2021 23:31
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/21682

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