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BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM PALM OIL OVER SYNTHESIZED CERIA NANOMATERIAL

OLUWASEGUN, OYENUBI ABA YOMI (2017) BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM PALM OIL OVER SYNTHESIZED CERIA NANOMATERIAL. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS.

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Abstract

Many high yielding catalyst rangmg from homogenous, heterogeneous and biocatalysts have been used for biodiesel production. However, high amount of energy is still required to mix the reactants (oils and alcohols) during reactions. Therefore, this study examine four ceria nanomaterials that are capable of increasing miscibility by lowering the surface tension at the interface of the reactants. The synthesized ceria nanomaterials namely; titanium doped ceria, cerium dodecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, cerium hexadecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide and cerium hexadecyl trimethyl ammonium chloride were characterized by x-ray diffraction techniques (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and surface area and pore size analyzer. After which they were used for transesterificationof palm oil. A 0.4 wt. % Ce02-Ti02 gave a yield of 70.6 % at 55 OC, 12:1 methanol oil ratio, and 1.0 wt. % catalyst loading in 150 minutes. The density and viscosity ofbiodiesel produced are 920.9 kg/m3 and 12 N.s/m2 respectively.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Reactor Technology
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Ahmad Suhairi Mohamed Lazim
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2021 16:02
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2021 16:02
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/21968

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