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INFLUENCE OF PORE GEOMETRY, PRESSURE AND PARTIAL WATER SATURATION TO ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF RESERVOIR ROCK: MODEL AND LABORATORY INVESTIGATION

, HILFAN KHAIRY (2011) INFLUENCE OF PORE GEOMETRY, PRESSURE AND PARTIAL WATER SATURATION TO ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF RESERVOIR ROCK: MODEL AND LABORATORY INVESTIGATION. PhD thesis, UTP.

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Abstract

Pressure and saturation are of two important parameters to be considered to evaluate the electrical properties of reservoir rock. As confining pressure can cause pore space of the rock to collapse and rock properties to change, it is necessary to examine in details how much the pressure and saturation changes affect the electrical properties. Investigations of electrical properties of sandstones and carbonates are the main focus in this work. The effects of pore geometries, confining pressure, and partial water saturation on electrical properties are investigated. The new electrical dispersion models from 0.1 Hz until 0.2 MHz for shaly sandstone are also developed. Petrographic image analysis is carried out to asses pore geometry of the media. Circularity, pore aspect ratio, pore size distribution and pore angle distribution are calculated to evaluate their effect on electrical dispersion. Confining pressure and water saturation observation are then evaluated to obtain their impact on pore structure and complex resistivity. The result of this work shows that surface conductivity plays as a dominant factor particularly in shaly media and it is indicated by electrical resistivity dispersion in low water saturation. When evaluating surface conductivity, the pore geometry has to be considered because large structure is easier to saturate rather than small structure. Moreover, the high water salinity can significantly reduce diffusive layer thickness and if the pore radii are very small, the diffusive layer thickness will touch each other and block the anion movement. In addition to these results, it is found that pore radius distribution provides more contribution to the electrical resistivity dispersion and becomes a basis to extract porosity from resistivity. Confining pressure only contributes small changes in pore geometry of media and the use of imaginary resistivity gives a better detection on it. Modified D-model and Archie’s model are developed to calculate the dielectric viii permittivity and effective conductivity in high water salinity saturated-rock as a function of water saturation degree.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Subject: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Geoscience and Petroleum Engineering
Depositing User: Users 5 not found.
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2012 08:18
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:42
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/2781

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