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ASSESSMENT OF BUS SYSTEM SERVICE AND PERFORMANCE FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORT IMPROVEMENT

SUWARDO, SUWARDO (2010) ASSESSMENT OF BUS SYSTEM SERVICE AND PERFORMANCE FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORT IMPROVEMENT. PhD thesis, UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI PETRONAS.

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Abstract

This study, entitled “Assessment of Bus System Service and Performance for Public Transport Improvement” was based on a case study of bus service at the Ipoh- Lumut corridor in Perak, Malaysia. This corridor is serviced by stage buses in mixed traffic. The problems faced are low quality of buses, inconvenience, long waiting time, limited facilities, low reliability and low passengers loading which have caused the system to be unattractive to passengers. The purposes of the study were to analyze bus service characteristics and performance of the bus system, to assess bus service reliability and to formulate strategies for the improvement of bus service performance. A fieldwork investigation was conducted covering preliminary survey, primary data survey and secondary data collection. The primary data consisted of bus service operation and passenger boarding and alighting. The approaches of study included description of study area, analysis of bus service characteristics, performance, improvement strategies, evaluation of ridership factors elasticity and sensitivity of bus service demand. Bus service characteristics were analyzed based on fundamental theory, World Bank Standard and TCQSM Standard. In addition, statistical methods such as ANOVA, MARE, MAPPE, ARIMA, MLR and SNN model were applied. The proposed performance indicators to evaluate bus service quality and reliability comprised of on-time performance, regularity, punctuality and waiting time. The concept of elasticity and sensitivity were explored to evaluate bus service demand with respect to ridership factors changes. Finally, gravity model was calibrated to estimate passenger trip distribution by using data of passenger boarding and alighting. From this study, it was concluded that the improvement of bus service quality and performance can be done by changing of frequency, the capacity of passenger and improving the bus service reliability. Based on the elasticity analysis, in the service characteristics category, travel time was an elastic factor, whereas ticket fare, fuel price, per capita income, frequency and headway were inelastic factors in the bus service demand. Meanwhile, in the service reliability category, the punctuality, waiting time, regularity and on-time performance were categorized as elastic factors. Moreover, the bus service demand increased by changes of factors such as the increase in punctuality, decrease in waiting time, increase in level of service and increase in regularity.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Subject: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Engineering > Civil
Depositing User: Users 5 not found.
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2012 08:32
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:43
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/2810

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