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GCL Based Synchronization and Time Domain Frequency Offset Correction in OFDM System

Yanti Hutapea, Duma Kristina (2010) GCL Based Synchronization and Time Domain Frequency Offset Correction in OFDM System. Masters thesis, UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI PETRONAS.

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Abstract

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is a modulation technique that has become the technology of choice in most wireless communication networks of today. Despite the advantages the OFDM system offers, it has some disadvantages like sensitivity to synchronization and high power-to-average-power ratio (PAPR). Any time offset leads to inter-symbol interference (ISI) whereas any frequency offset results in inter-carrier interference (ICI) and, as a result, the system performance degrades. The studies of preamble based time synchronization show that, the standard PN sequence based preamble in IEEE 802.16a is less robust to frequency offset when used in Park’s method of time synchronization - a method that gives more accurate result as compared to other methods. Time domain channel estimation cannot be carried out in the presence of integer frequency offset. This thesis has three specific objectives. Firstly, to design and evaluate a new preamble by making use of a generalized chirp-like (GCL) sequence that has low PAPR and good time and also frequency correlation properties. Secondly, to design a new receiver scheme that estimates and corrects the integer-frequency offset in the time domain and evaluate its performance. And lastly, having corrected the frequency offset in time domain, to estimate the wireless channel in time domain and evaluate its performance. The results show that, the proposed GCL based preamble has better and more robust performance than the standard PN sequence (IEEE 802.16 standard) based preamble in the time and integer frequency synchronization and also in the time domain channel estimation. In the new receiver scheme, the presence of symmetrical correlation shows that received signal is frequency corrected. The results show that the new receiver scheme is able to detect the symmetrical correlation quite accurately. The receiver also works well even in low SNR environment.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subject: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Engineering > Electrical and Electronic
Depositing User: Users 5 not found.
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2012 08:33
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:43
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/2887

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