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Mohd Shahnizam Khairuddin, Mohd (2012) EFFECT OF ELEVATION TO THE GAS AND OIL PIPELINE FOCUSING ON PRESSURE DROP BY USING NODAL ANALYSIS. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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Pipes appear to have been invented independently several places at nearly the same time and are known to have been in use as much as 5,000 years ago in China, Egypt, and the area presently known as Iraq. At a much later date, the Romans advanced the art of designing piping and waterworks, though the Roman Empire‟s fall reversed all that parameters and waterworks were largely ignored in early middle-age Europe. Towns reverted to using wells, springs, and rivers for water, and wastewater was simply disposed of into the streets. Improvements were clearly needed, and fittingly, one of the first books printed after the invention of the printing press in the fifteenth century was Frontinus' Roman treatise on waterworks. The advent of the industrial revolution accelerated the need for pipes while providing economic and technical means. Pipes and channels have historically brought major advantages to those who had them, and successful pipeline or aqueduct projects have always required the right combination of political, economical and technical resources. History shows that most societies did not possess that combination, leaving them without advanced waterworks. Even today, a considerable part of the world‟s population suffers from unclean drinking water and inadequate sewage systems. The technology to solve such problems exists, but too often, poverty or economic unrest holds back the development. In our modern world, pipelines have more applications than in previous times for example in natural gas and oil transportation. In this project, the author will focus on the effect of elevation to the pipeline system and try to understand the effect of elevation between these two types of pipeline. This research is also to try to answer this question with the aid of suitable software or experiment

Item Type: Final Year Project
Subject: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Divisions: Geoscience and Petroleum Engineering
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2012 12:15
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:41
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/3366

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