Welcome To UTPedia

We would like to introduce you, the new knowledge repository product called UTPedia. The UTP Electronic and Digital Intellectual Asset. It stores digitized version of thesis, final year project reports and past year examination questions.

Browse content of UTPedia using Year, Subject, Department and Author and Search for required document using Searching facilities included in UTPedia. UTPedia with full text are accessible for all registered users, whereas only the physical information and metadata can be retrieved by public users. UTPedia collaborating and connecting peoples with university’s intellectual works from anywhere.

Disclaimer - Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.Best viewed using Mozilla Firefox 3 or IE 7 with resolution 1024 x 768.

Production and Characterization of Biodiesel from Palm Oil using Heterogeneous Catalyst

Mohd Firdaus Bin Mustafa, Mohd Firdaus (2011) Production and Characterization of Biodiesel from Palm Oil using Heterogeneous Catalyst. Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Sri Iskandar,Tronoh,Perak. (Unpublished)

Full text not available from this repository.


Biodiesel is an alternative to petroleum-based conventional diesel fuel and is defined as the mono-alkyl esters of vegetable oils and animal fats. There are so many examples of raw materials that have been used to prepare biodiesel such as canola (rapeseed), cotton seed, palm, peanut, soybean, sunflower oils and variety of less common oils. In this research, palm oil has been used to observe the potential feedstock for biodiesel. Biodiesel was obtained by a standard transesterification procedure with methanol and an alkali catalyst at 65°C and alcohol/oil ratio of 9:1 for catalysts screening before proceed to RSM (Response Surface Methodology) for choosing the catalyst that can give maximum yield production. Then, methanolysis of palm oil was optimized using RSM with lead (II) oxide (PbO) as a catalyst. Three process variables were evaluated at two levels: methanol/oil molar ratio (6:1 – 9:1), catalyst concentration in relation to oil mass (2%-4%) and reaction time (1 – 3 hours). RSM has been used to get the quadratic polynomial equation for predicting transesterification by employing multiple regression analysis. The result shows that catalyst concentration and was important factors that affect the yield of POMEs (palm oil methyl esters)/biodiesel. The RSM methodology was used to obtain methyl esters yield (93.8%) was found at following conditions; 9:1 methanol-to-oil ratio, 3% catalyst concentration and 2 hours reaction time. There was also a linear correlation between observed and predicted values. The result of GC/MS (gas chromatography/mass spectrometry) was shown two major components of FAMEs (fatty acid methyl esters) which are palmitic and oleic acid in biodiesel produced. Determination of other fuel properties of biodiesel derived from palm oil such as cloud point, kinematic viscosity and oxidative stability were based on standards such as ASTM D6751 and EU 14214 have been work on and the result have satisfy the standards.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: ?? sch_che ??
Depositing User: Users 5 not found.
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2012 12:23
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2017 15:45
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/443

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item