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Chemical Pre-treatment of Lignocellulosic Materials in Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) From Palm Oil Solid Wastes for Bio-hydrogen Production

Mohd Saiful Abrar Bin Mohd Yusof, Mohd Saiful Abrar (2009) Chemical Pre-treatment of Lignocellulosic Materials in Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) From Palm Oil Solid Wastes for Bio-hydrogen Production. Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Sri Iskandar,Tronoh,Perak. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Palm oil solid waste consists of lignocellulosic materials which can be a useful product to produce bio-hydrogen. In this research, Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) from palm oil solid wastes is used as a substrate. Pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials in EFB is one of the important processes in order to obtain high yield of bio-hydrogen conversion. Chemical pretreatment is applied here to remove lignin and break the cellulose and hemicelluloses into small compound so that the surface area of EFB can be increased. Four process variables that might affect the pretreatment performance which are acid concentration, particle size, temperature, stirring or agitation speed will be investigated. Diluted sulfuric acid treatment which will be used in this research is expected to hydrolyze EFB with result in high yield of monomer (glucose), change the structure of lignin and at the same time increase the surface area of biomass substrate for next process. The concentration of glucose in the pretreated sample can by determined by using UV/Vis Spectrophotometer. Thus, kinetic study for four effective parameters will be discussed in this report to have the understanding of reaction that occur

Item Type: Final Year Project
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 5 not found.
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2012 12:24
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:44
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/556

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