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Adsorption of Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous Solution by Rice Husk-Based Adsorbent

Rahim, Muhammad Haziq (2012) Adsorption of Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous Solution by Rice Husk-Based Adsorbent. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Chromium exists in two stable oxidation states apart from its metal form that are the trivalent state and hexavalent state. Hexavalent chromium has been identified by academicians worldwide to be hazardous towards the human health in general as a result of ingestion, direct or indirect. Existing methods of treating Cr(VI)- contaminated water proves to be sophisticated and may be out of reach for developing countries until the near future. Hence the employment of a simple yet effective method of treatment is vital to counter this kind of contamination in places with limited capital and capabilities where it can be mobilized easily without the need for sophisticated machineries and equipment. Adsorption promises an effective way of removing hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions based on researches done throughout the globe while still maintaining feasibility. Efforts are being made to come up with new materials to be used as adsorbent, preferably from low-cost materials produced as a waste product from other industries to further cut down the cost of treatment by studying the adsorptive capability of said materials. This project studied the adsorptive capabilities of rice husk-based adsorbent for use in decontaminating purposes. Preliminary experiment showed an adsorption percentage as high as 99.9% of 20 mg/L chromium solution using acid-treated rice husk-based adsorbent. Tests for other parameters such as pH value, contact time and adsorbent dosage resulted in positive results and pH 2 is found to be the optimum pH value for adsorption tests, two hours of shaking was the equilibrium time and adsorbent dosage of 8 g/L was the equilibrium dosage for testing purposes. In addition to that, adsorption of chromium(VI) by acid-treated rice husk-based adsorbent fitted well into pseudo first-order and pseudo second-order kinetic models, and it demonstrates a high adsorptive capacity of 47.62 mg/g in isotherm studies. The acid-treated RHA as well as exhausted acid-treated RHA were characterized by means of FTIR and SEM

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Civil Engineering - Water and environment - Water
Subject: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Engineering > Civil
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2013 13:41
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:40
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/6030

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