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Optimization of Ethanol Production from Orange Peels using Response Surface Methodology

Tuan Zakaria, Tuan Noraziha (2012) Optimization of Ethanol Production from Orange Peels using Response Surface Methodology. UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI PETRONAS, UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI PETRONAS. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The factors of high oil price, the need for increased energy security and concern over greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels make bioethanol the focal point of the public and researchers. Bioethanol is a form of renewable energy that can be produced from agriculture feedstock. The recent study has come out with a new feedstock for the production of ethanol, which is using orange peels. The production of ethanol using orange peels is preferable to be studied due to the existing production method produce a heavy carbon footprint and also high in cost. Besides, it is also related to the disposal problem and environment concern as the wastes from processed orange are just left over and commonly are burnt. Thus, in this project, research was done to produce ethanol from orange peel using two stage hydrolysis and fermentation studies, to study the effects of yeast concentration and temperature on ethanol production from orange peel and to optimize the concentration of yeast and temperature using Response Surface Methodology (RSM) method. In order to achieve these objectives, experiment was conducted which comprises the two stages hydrolysis process, preparation of yeast cells, fermentation and optimization using RSM. For the first part of experiment, the primary and secondary hydrolysis of orange peel was carried out at acid concentration of 0 to 1.0% (w/v). At acid concentration of 0.5 and 0.75% (w/v) was the highest glucose yield for primary and secondary hydrolysis, respectively. For the fermentation, the range of temperature and yeast concentration of 30°C to 40°C and 0.1% to 0.5% (w/v) respectively, was selected to be studied. The pH and fermentation time was fixed at optimum condition which is pH5 and 15h accordingly. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) using two factors and two level central composite design was employed to optimize the effect of temperature and yeast concentration on ethanol production from orange peel. Based on the results obtained, the highest ethanol yield is around 6-6.2 g/L at temperature of 39-40°C and yeast concentration of 0.25-0.3% (w/v). So, with this finding, it shows promise for scale up studies for larger industry.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Separation Process
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Sharifah Fahimah Saiyed Yoep
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2013 09:14
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:40
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/6114

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