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Modeling and Optimization of An Ammonia Reactor Using Multiple-Shooting Method

Yong Chin, Yew (2006) Modeling and Optimization of An Ammonia Reactor Using Multiple-Shooting Method. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Optimization is concerned with selecting the best among the entire set by efficient quantitative methods. It is much very often required to solve dynamic optimization problems in the design and operation of complex chemical processes. The objective of this final year project is to model and find anoptimal design for anammonia reactor. For the past few years, ammonia has been widely used in the manufacturing of fertilizers, explosives and other chemical products. Hence modeling and optimizing ammonia synthesis has received a lot of attention among process industries. Apart from determining the optimal reactor length, the comparison ofresults obtained from different methods is presented. The production of ammonia depends ontemperature of feed gas at the top of the reactor (top temperature), the partial pressures of the reactants and the reactor length. The optimal design problem requires obtaining the optimal reactor length with maximum economicreturns corresponding to various top temperatures. This paper presents an alternative approach in solving the boundary value problem and at the same time determines the optimal solution. This method is called multiple-shooting. The software used for this modeling is MATLAB version 6.1. The ODE integration routine technique used is 'ode45' and the optimization routine of 'FMINCON' is selected. Apart from determining the optimal length ofreactor, the comparison of results reported in earlier literature is analyzed and presented. In this project, the values profiles of top temperature (Tf), reacting gas temperature (Tg) and mole flow rate of nitrogen per area catalyst (Nn2> at a top temperature of 694K were generated. From the results obtained, a top temperature of 694K yields an objective function value of $5.0155 x 106 at an optimum reactor length of 6.6953m. These values agree with the latest literature work onthe same case study that uses different method. By analyzing the results, multiple shooting method is found to be a robust, simple and fast computation technique for optimization problems in chemical processes.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Separation Process
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2013 10:07
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:46
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/6741

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