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FILTRATION: EFFECT OF SAND PARTICLES ARRANGEMENT ON WATER QUALITY

UKIMAN, SARINA (2005) FILTRATION: EFFECT OF SAND PARTICLES ARRANGEMENT ON WATER QUALITY. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Water filtration is aprocess for separating suspended or colloidal impurities from water by passage through aporous medium, usually aband of sand or others. Water fills the pores (open spaces) between the sand particles and the impurities are left behind either clogged in the open spaces or attached to the sand itself. It is well known that the arrangement ofthe sand bed determines the quality ofthe water filtered. In this research, the equipment use is the Filterability Index Unit (FIU). Different types of sand bed arrangement with various sand particles sizes will be used to remove impurities or suspended solids. The first experiment using paddy field sample water and the second experiment using UTP River sample water. In general, the main objective of this experiment is to propose the best sand bed arrangement for water filtration process. During the filtration, the data for volumetric and the flowrate is taken into account in order to calculate its specific cake filter resistance and filter medium resistance. The filtrate is tested for its quality measurement. From the result obtained, the first sand bed arrangement (larger particles to small particles, from top to bottom) is proposed as the best sand bed arrangement for sand filtration due to the lowest COD and smallest specific filtercakeresistance.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Separation Process
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2013 16:55
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:46
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/7648

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