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Formaldehyde Synthesis by Methanol Oxidation Using Platinised Oxides Catalysts

Hamdi, Mohd. Rinald (2005) Formaldehyde Synthesis by Methanol Oxidation Using Platinised Oxides Catalysts. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the performance of platinised silicon dioxide and titanium (IV) oxide catalysts for oxidation of methanol to formaldehyde at room temperature (25 °C). The reaction was carried out using 100 mL of methanol (2.53 mol) in the presence of powdered (150 mg) catalyst. Samples were drawn at time intervals of 0, 10 20, 60, 90 and 120 minutes and the reaction was conducted up to 120 hours. Formaldehyde concentrations were determined by reacting 5 ml sample solution with the Hantzsch reagent. The complex formed in the samples were analysed using a UV Spectrophotometer. The amountof formaldehyde formed depends on the type of catalyst used. When 0.1 % Pt on silicon dioxide catalyst used, 0.012 mmol of formaldehyde was formed from 2.53 mol methanol after 60 minutes of reaction. Whereas using the 0.3 % Pt on silicon dioxide catalyst, 0.016 mmol of formaldehyde was formed. In the presence of 0.1 %, 0.3 %, 0.5 % and 1.1 % Pt on titanium (IV) oxide catalysts, 0.020, 0.032, 0.044 and 0.020 mmol of formaldehyde was formed, respectively. The percentage conversions of methanol using 0.1 %, 0.3 %, 0.5 % and 1.1 % Pt on titanium (IV) oxide catalysts are 0.0008, 0.0013, 0.0017 and 0.0008 %, respectively. The activity of the catalyst can be ranked in order of 0.5 % Pt on titanium (IV) oxide followed by 0.3 % Pt on titanium (IV) oxide, 0.1 % Pt on titanium (IV) oxide, 0.5 % Pt on silicon dioxide and 0.5 % Pt on silicon dioxide. The titanium (IV) oxide provides better support for platinum to create active sites for reactions. The best platinum loading is approximately 0.5 %. The formaldehyde yields were found to be decreased when elevating the reaction temperatures from 30 °C to 40 °C. The activation energy is 34 kJ/mol and the corresponding frequency factor is 0.26 (mol/L)"075s"1 for this reaction temperature range. From the economic potential of view, the costs ofproduced catalysts are lower than silver catalyst.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Material Development
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2013 16:55
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:46
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/7651

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