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Removal of Carbon Dioxide from Natural Gas by Using Gas Hydration

Huong, Vu Thi (2004) Removal of Carbon Dioxide from Natural Gas by Using Gas Hydration. universiti teknologi petronas. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Natural Gas is a vital component of the world's supply of energy. It is one of the cleanest, safest, and most useful of all energy sources. Natural gas has many uses, residentially, commercially and industrially. Carbon dioxide is a corrosive and non-combustible gas present in natural gas. This undesired gas must be removed from natural gas to a permissible level. Typical pipeline quality states that the composition of carbon dioxide in the treated gas stream must not be more than 2%. In Malaysia, Gas Malaysia set an even more stringent limit where the level of carbon dioxide is further reduced to 1.83% maximum. A typical content of 0-8% carbon dioxide can be removed by using commercially available absorption or membrane method. However, with carbon dioxide content increased to 50-80% in natural gas produced, the current equipments cannot purify this much of carbon dioxide effectively. Therefore gas hydration is being studied by mathematical method and simulation to see the possibility of applying this property of gases to purify natural gas. Hydrates are ice-like solids that form when a sufficient amount ofwater and a hydrate former is present, and there is a right combination of temperature and pressure (hydrate formation is favored by low temperature and high pressure). Hydrates are notorious for forming at conditions where a solid would no otherwise be expected. Methane and carbon dioxide clathrates occur naturally at temperature above freezing point ofwater (up to 30°C) under pressure of0.1 MPa (~latm) to 100 MPa (~1000atm). Different types of gases form hydrate at different ranges of temperature and pressure. Gas hydrate can be converted back to gas and water easily by applying heat to the hydrate solid. This property can be employed to the separation of carbon dioxide from natural gas by either capturing carbon dioxide or methane in hydrate form if applicable. The main objective of this study is to predict the separation of carbon dioxide from methane using hydration method. The effect of associated parameters such as temperature and pressure are also included. PetronasSim 2.55.2, Excel and K-factor methods were used in this work to obtain hydrate formation temperature and pressure, and phase equilibrium composition. The results show that: As temperature increases, formation pressure increases; as carbon content of gas mixture increase, formation pressure decreases; as water/gas ratio increases, formation pressure increases; At low temperature more carbon dioxide form hydrate as compared to methane; At low pressure region (associated with low temperature) the higher the pressure the lower the concentration of carbon dioxide in vapor phase or the more carbon dioxide form hydrate Temperature, pressure and gas composition are main parameters governing the formation of gas hydrate; The lower is the temperature the larger is the difference of concentration of carbon dioxide in hydrate phase andin vapor phasewhich indicates a better separation; The study shows that gas hydration has a bright future to be explored further to transform the theory into designing equipments to separate carbon dioxide from natural gas.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Separation Process
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2013 16:55
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:46
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/7798

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