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DESIGN AND MICROFABRICATION OF A CMOS-MEMS PIEZORESISTIVE ACCELEROMETER AND A NANO-NEWTON FORCE SENSOR

MD KHIR, MOHD HARIS (2010) DESIGN AND MICROFABRICATION OF A CMOS-MEMS PIEZORESISTIVE ACCELEROMETER AND A NANO-NEWTON FORCE SENSOR. PhD thesis, Oakland University Rochester, Michigan.

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Abstract

DESIGN AND MICROFABRICATION OF A CMOS-MEMS PIEZORESISTIVE ACCELEROMETER AND A NANO-NEWTON FORCE SENSOR by Mohd Haris Md Khir Adviser: Hongwei Qu, Ph.D. This thesis work consists of three aspects of research efforts: I. Design, fabrication, and characterization of a CMOS-MEMS piezoresistive accelerometer 2. Design, fabrication, and characterization of a CMOS-MEMS nano-Newton force sensor 3. Observer-based controller design of a nano-Newton force sensor actuator system A low-cost, high-sensitivity CMOS-MEMS piezoresistive accelerometer with large proof mass has been fabricated. Inherent CMOS polysilicon thin film was utilized as piezoresistive material and full Wheatstone bridge was constructed through easy wiring allowed by three metal layers in CMOS thin films. The device fabrication process consists of a standard CMOS process for sensor configuration and a deep reactive ion etching (DRIE) based post-CMOS microfabrication for MEMS structure release. Bulk single-crystal silicon (SCS) substrate was included in the proof mass to increase sensor sensitivity. Using a low operating power of 1.67 m W, the sensitivity was measured as 30.7 mV/g after amplification and 0.077 mV/g prior to amplification. With a total noise floor of 1.03 mg!-!Hz, the minimum detectable acceleration is found to be 32.0 mg for a bandwidth of I kHz which is sufficient for many applications. The second device investigated in this thesis work is a CMOS-MEMS capacitive force sensor capable ofnano-Newton out-of-plane force measurement. Sidewall and fringe capacitance formed by the multiple CMOS metal layers were utilized and fully differential sensing was enabled by common-centroid wiring of the sensing capacitors. Single-crystal silicon (SCS) is incorporated in the entire sensing element for robust structures and reliable sensor deployment in force measurement. A sensitivity of 8 m V /g prior to amplification was observed. With a total noise floor of 0.63 mg!-IHz, the minimum detection acceleration is found to be 19.8 mg, which is equivalent to a sensing force of 449 nN. This work also addresses the design and simulation of an observer-based nonlinear controller employed in a CMOS-MEMS nano-Newton force sensor actuator system. Measurement errors occur when there are in-plane movements of the probe tip; these errors can be controlled by the actuators incorporated within the sensor. Observerbased controller is necessitated in real-world control applications where not all the state variables are accessible for on-line measurements. Vl

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Mechanical Engineering - Materials - Engineering materials - Polymers - Polymerisation
Subject: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Engineering > Mechanical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2013 16:55
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2013 16:55
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/8024

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