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Synthesis of Surfactant from Fatty Acid

Sakim, Hanis Farhana (2005) Synthesis of Surfactant from Fatty Acid. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Oil is an important world resource which is limited. Demand of oil increased every day but conversely oil reservoirs keep depleted by day. This increasing demand make exploitation oil to a higher degree is desirable. Surfactants are believed can be a good second drive mechanism for enhance oil recovery since it has lower interfacial tension. There are lots of surfactants types but fatty acid surfactant is believed can be a good source for producing surfactant in Malaysia. This is because; palm oil which is source of fatty acids is environmental friendly and highly resource able in Malaysia. The scope of this research project is to synthesize surfactant from fatty acids, characterize their properties and compare it to commercial surfactants' properties. This surfactant is synthesized from palm cooking oil through purification process and saponification process. Purification process involves decolorization, deodorization, hydrolysis and distillation process whereas saponification process involves titration between purified oil with five different molarity of sodium hydroxides and potassium hydroxides. There are four experiment conducted to characterize and compare properties of synthesize and commercial surfactants. They are conductivity test, surfactants' effectiveness test, differential scanning calorimeter and dynamic mechanical analyzer. Conductivity test plot, differential scanning calorimeter plot and dynamic mechanical analyzer plot shows almost similar plot between synthesize and commercial surfactants either on conductivity trends, phase transition trends or modulus trend. This indicates they may have similar molecular agitecture. However, they are some significant differences between them such as its phase transition in differential scanning calorimeter, its modulus, viscosity or chemical bonding among the materials. This differentiation signifies commercial surfactant to have higher material degradability, higher interfacial tension and less modulus/viscous than synthesize surfactant. There are predicted additive added to commercial surfactant to have this significant properties. Thus, research must be continued to develop the surfactants from fatty acid which can attest to industrial applications.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Ionic Liquid
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2013 15:53
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:46
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/8112

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