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Studies OnZn(II) and Cu(II) Ions Adsorption by Rice Husks Digested With Nitric Acid

Lin, Fairene Leong Chin (2005) Studies OnZn(II) and Cu(II) Ions Adsorption by Rice Husks Digested With Nitric Acid. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This research studies the effects of different preparation conditions on the yield of activated carbons and also to study the adsorption capacity of activated carbons produced towards Zn(II) ions and Cu(II) ions, hi this research, the effects of carbonization time, the weight ratio of nitric acid to rice husks, sample loading size and contact time will be studied while observing the condition of the activated carbons produced from rice husks. This study is significant as Zn(II) and Cu(II) ions removal from industrial and municipal wastewater is vital in view of the many health and environmental hazards caused by heavy metal contaminated water. Since the current methods of Zn(II) and Cu(II) removal with commercial activated carbon are expensive, this study onricehusks based activated carbon is timely as rice husks are readily available and costs less than commercial adsorbents. The methodology employed in this study is to first treat therice husks with nitric acid at different weight ratios of 1:1, 1.5:1, 2:1 and 2.5:1, before carbonizing attemperature of 500°C varying periods of 1 hour, 2 hours, 3 hours and 4 hours. An FTIR scan was done on one of the samples to determine the functional groups of the activated carbon produced. The activated carbonwould then be used as adsorbents to adsorb Zn(II) ions in Zinc(II) Nitrate and Cu(II) ions from Copper(II) Nitrate solutions. The adsorption capacity towards both metal ions will finally be determined using the Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). It was found that the activated carbons are more suitable for the removal of Zn (II) ions as the percentage of removal is higher than that of Cu(II) ions. Carbonization time and weight ratio generally increases the adsorption capacity. However, both parameters have their limits whereby any increment of weight ratio or carbonization time would deteriorate the adsorption capacity. The optimum experimental conditions for maximum removal of Zn(II) ions are 2 hours carbonization time with nitric acid to rice husks weight ratio of 1:1, loading size of 0.4 g and contacttime of lhour. As for Cu(II) ions removal, the optimum experimental conditions are 4 hours carbonization, 2.5:1 weight ratio ,0.4g loading sizeand 4 hours contact time.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Ionic Liquid
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2013 15:29
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:46
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/8173

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