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Sulfonation Reaction for the Synthesis of Anionic Surfactants for Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) Application

Ibrahim, Mohammad Jeffrey (2013) Sulfonation Reaction for the Synthesis of Anionic Surfactants for Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) Application. Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Enhance oil recovery (EOR) is performed in the tertiary stage in oil production. One of the preferred methods for EOR application is chemical flooding using surfactants. The two main principles of EOR are to reduce the mobility ratio and increase the capillary number. Anionic surfactants is widely used in detergents product because of it capability to reduce the surface tension between oil and water. The amount of surfactants adsorption can be minimized as the result of repulsion between anionic surfactants and sandstone. Anionic surfactants are produced by attaching SO3 to fatty alcohols increase the performance of the surfactants. Sodium bisulfite is reacted together with methalyl chloride and fatty alcohols to produce anionic surfactants sulfonate. The kinetics of the sulfonation reaction process and the factors that can optimize the yield of sulfonate products are now being investigated and reported.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Process System Engineering
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2013 11:07
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2013 11:07
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/8462

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