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TRANSESTERIFICATION OF RUBBER SEED OIL USING HETEROGENEOUS CATALYST

MAMAT, MOHD ZAIDI (2013) TRANSESTERIFICATION OF RUBBER SEED OIL USING HETEROGENEOUS CATALYST. Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Biodiesel is a domestically produced and renewable type of fuel that can be manufactured from edible or non-edible oils. Biodiesel's physical properties are nearly the same to those of petroleum diesel, but it is a cleaner-burning alternative. Biodiesel consist of long-chain alkyl esters which is typically made by chemically reacting lipids with an alcohol producing fatty acid esters. In this project, biodiesel is produced by transesterification of rubber seed oil using calcium based catalyst. Catalysts of CaO and CaCO3 is prepared by using calcination and CaO/ZnO by incipient wetness impregnation method. For this project, the transesterification reaction of the rubber seed oil was carried out under the same reaction condition in the presence of calcium carbonate (CaCO3), calcium oxide (CaO), and mixed calcium oxide (CaO/ZnO) catalyst and the result shows that the conventional KOH catalyst had better performance than the developed calcium based catalyst. The biodiesel produced from KOH contain the highest fatty acid methyl ester content, about 80.02% for biodiesel from rubber seed oil and 77.96% for biodiesel from palm oil. Among the synthesized catalyst, the mixed calcium oxide catalyst perform better than the other two catalyst and the CaCO3 catalyst has the lowest performance.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Biofuel
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2013 11:07
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2013 11:07
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/8476

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