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Haptic Feedback Device for Needle Insertion

Fazal, lmran (2008) Haptic Feedback Device for Needle Insertion. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Petronas.

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Abstract

Tele-surgery is one of the emerging fields which combine engineering and medical sciences. Application of tele-surgery can be found in remote communities, war-zones and disasterstricken areas. One of the most complex and tedious issue in tele-surgery is needle insertion. The surgeon relies on haptic feedback during needle insertion. The force exerted on needle during insertion is measured and reproduced at surgeon's end is known as haptic feedback. The realistic force reproduction requires haptic feedback device which should be dynamically identical to needle. The haptic feedback device enables the surgeon to sense the needle insertion remotely. The basic objective of this thesis is to design a device used for needle insertions in soft tissue. The force information from needle insertions is measured by a sensor. The force feedback produced by the device can be used in robot-assisted needle insertion. A device is designed for reality-based data that results in more accurate representation of a needle insertion haptic feedback scenario. The device is modeled dynamically and it is clear from the model that the reactive force is reproduced by the friction forces which is controlled by the motors. The system is sensitive to mass of rollers, mass ofthe stick and friction between the stick and rollers. The needle insertion force is modeled in three parts; force due to capsule stiffness, friction, and cutting. The force due to capsule stiffness is modeled terms of three components namely diameter of needle, elasticity of tissue and deformation of tissue. The data from model is compared with real time force data. The haptic feedback device input and output forces are compared and the highest correlation factor is 82%. The sensitivity analysis of the device is performed. The capsule stiffness force for 0.9 millimeter diameter needle is 0.98 Newton, the stiffness force for 0.8 millimeter is 0.91 Newton and stiffness force for 0.6 millimeter diameter is 0.4 I Newton. The capsule stiffness force for 0.6 millimeter needle is not following the capsule stiffness model. The insertion force data was collected on chicken skin and meat. The device designed in this work is having one degree of freedom; it only produces force feedback for vertical needle insertion. This design is not able to produce the force feedback for angular needle insertion. Graphical User Interface is designed for the visual haptic feedback. The data acquisition is done with the help of a PC sound card. Future work should include the design of a multidegree of freedom haptic feedback device and to advance the GUI for audio feedback that may be extended to accommodate the design of a simulator.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Electrical And Electronics - Pervasisve Systems - Digital Electronics - Prototyping
Subject: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Engineering > Electrical and Electronic
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2013 11:07
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:45
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/8540

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