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Objective Assessment of Area and Erythema of Psoriasis Lesion Using Digital Imaging and Colourimetry

Ihtatho, Dani (2008) Objective Assessment of Area and Erythema of Psoriasis Lesion Using Digital Imaging and Colourimetry. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Petronas.

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Abstract

Psoriasis is a non-contagious skin disease which typically consists of red plaques covered by silvery-white scales. It affects about 3% of world population. During treatment, dermatologists monitor the extent of psoriasis continuously to ascertain treatment efficacy. Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PAS!) is the current gold standard method used to assess the extent of psoriasis. In PAS!, there are four parameters to be scored i.e., the surface area affected, erythema (redness), thickness and scaliness of the plaques. Determining PAS! score is a tedious task and thus it is not used in daily clinical practice. In addition, the PAS! parameters are visually determined and may result in intra-observer and inter-observer variations, even by experienced dermatologists. Objective methods in assessing area and erythema of psoriasis lesion have been developed in this thesis. Psoriasis lesion can be recognized by its colour dissimilarity with normal skin. Colour dissimilarity is represented by colour difference in CIELAB colour space, a widely used colour space to measure colour dissimilarity. Each pixel in CIELAB colour space can be represented by its lightness (L'), hue (hob), and chroma (Cab). Colour difference between psoriasis lesion and normal skin is analyzed in hue-chroma plane of CIELAB colour space. Centroids of normal skin and lesion in hue-chroma space are obtained from selected samples. Euclidean distances between all pixels with these two centroids are then calculated. Each pixel is assigned to the class of the nearest centroid. The erythema of psoriasis lesion is affected by degree of severity and skin pigmentation. In order to assess the erythema objectively, patients are grouped according to their skin pigmentation level. The L* value of normal skin which represents skin pigmentation level is utilized to group the patient into the three skin types namely fair, brown and dark skin types. Light difference (t.L*), hue difference (t.hab), and chroma difference (t.C'ab) of CIELAB colour space between reference lesions and the surrounding normal skin are analyzed. It is found that the erythema score of a lesion can be determined by their hue difference (t.hab) value within a particular skin type group. Out of 30 body regions, the proposed method is able to give the same PAS! area score as reference for 28 body regions. The proposed method is able to determine PAS! erythema score of 82 lesions obtained from 22 patients objectively without being influenced by other characteristic of the lesion such as area, pattern, and boundary.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Electrical And Electronics - Pervasisve Systems - Digital Electronics - Embedded Systems
Subject: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Engineering > Electrical and Electronic
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2013 11:07
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:44
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/8543

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