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Simulation of Solar Cell Efficiency using ATHENA and ATLAS

Mohd Noor, Mohd Mustaqiim (2011) Simulation of Solar Cell Efficiency using ATHENA and ATLAS. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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This dissertation is to report the simulation of solar cell using ATHENA and ATLAS. The report is divided into three sections according to the objectives of the project which are to simulate the P-N Junction Solar Cell, to detennine the optical properties of the materials in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell and to simulate the efficiency of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell at various titania, Ti02 particle size using ATLAS. Development of actual solar cell is costly. If the efficiency of the developed solar cell is low, it will generate low power and hence uneconomical to be practically used. Simulating the solar cell before the actual development of the solar cell can help to avoid producing solar cell with low efficiency. In this project, the scope is limited to basic P-N Junction Solar Cell and Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell. The P-N Junction Solar Cell which is the First Generation Solar Cell has been developed since 1954. Hence, the P-N Junction Solar Cell is very established and is used in this project to familiarize with ATHENA and ATLAS. Next, the project is continued to detennine the optical properties of the materials in the DyeSensitized Solar Cell via absorption spectroscopy. The data is then used to obtain the complex refractive index for the material in order to defme the properties of the materials in the ATLAS. From the obtained data, the Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell is then simulated using ATLAS. The simulation of the basic P-N Junction Solar Cell shows that Boron doping concentration, oxide layer thickness and metal contact area plays an important role to increase the efficiency of the solar cell. However, the doping concentration of Phosphorus does not significantly affect the solar cell performance. Next, our work shows that the absorbance of the titania/dye layer is optimum at titania particle size is around 20 nm. This results into higher values of absorption coefficient and extinction coefficient. Also, our calculation has shown that the titania particle size also affected the refractive index of the titania/dye layer. Lastly, the simulation of the Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell shows that the efficiency of the solar cell is highest when the titania particle size is at 20 nm. In order to verify our model of the Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell, we had measured the IV characteristics of the actual Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell. The comparison shows variations between the IV characteristics of the simulated Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell and the actual solar cell. However, the results of the simulated and actual cell show the same effect when the titania particle size is varied.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Electrical And Electronics - Power Systems - Generation - Solar Power Generation
Subject: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Engineering > Electrical and Electronic
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2013 11:07
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:41
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/8583

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