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Optimization of Upstream Offshore Oilfield Production Planning under Uncertainty and Downstream Crude Oil Scheduling at Refinery Front-End

Tan , Yin Keong (2009) Optimization of Upstream Offshore Oilfield Production Planning under Uncertainty and Downstream Crude Oil Scheduling at Refinery Front-End. Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. (Unpublished)

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In this work, we have attempted to solve two problems concerning the planning and scheduling of crude oil operations: first, on the upstream production planning of crude oil from offshore sources and second, on the scheduling of downstream processing of crude oil at the refinery front-end. The first part is on the offshore oilfield infrastructures planning under both exogenous uncertainty and endogeneous decision-dependent uncertainty. A model representative of the oilfield that is able to select the best routes to obtain the desired objective function is considered. The methodology used is by firstly developing a deterministic model andmodeling it with GAMS, followed by a stochastic one. The results obtained show a high accuracy representation in which the uncertainties in both the exogenous and endogeneous uncertainties in planning are accounted for. The stochastic model is a more thorough representation of the problem because it considers all the uncertainties along with the associated probabilities. Having validated the model formulation and solution obtained with results for standard problems reported in the literature, we believe that the model can be a tool to assist upper-level management in preliminary decision-making on an optimal plan for crude oil production from an offshore operation. The second part is onthe scheduling of crude oiloperations at a refinery front-end. A technique for obtaining globally optimal schedules for the flow of crude is developed. Acontinuous time model based on transfer events is used to represent the scheduling problem and this model is a nonconvex MINLP model which presents multiple local optima. We implement a branch-and-contract algorithm that aims at reducing the size of the search region. In order to obtain a global optimum solution of the problem, an outer-approximation algorithm is proposed, whereby lower and upper bounds on the global optimum are generated, which are converged to a specified tolerance. The solution obtained from the LB-MILP model, i.e., the decision variables (binary variables), was used to obtain a feasible solution for model UB-NLP. This solution is the upper bound solution. The application of the proposed algorithm shows significant reduction in the computational effort involved in solving the problem. Slack variables are introduced to overcome the integer infeasibility problem. The optimization model is developed using GAMS and an optimal solution is found with no logical constraints conflicts or error. The main contribution on this work in the first part is to conduct an extensive study onthe implementation ofthe model formulation in Iyer et al. (1998). As well, in the second part, we are focused on investigating effective implementation strategies of the model formulation and solution strategy in Karuppiah et al. (2008) using our choice of the modeling platform GAMS and the best numerical solvers that are available. Hence, most of the exposition on the model formulation and solution algorithms are taken directly from the original papers so as to provide the readers with the most accurate information possible. VI

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Separation Process
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2013 09:35
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2013 09:35
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/9097

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