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Removal of Heavy Metals Using Kenaf Fibers

Vijayaragavan, Dinesh Kumar (2009) Removal of Heavy Metals Using Kenaf Fibers. Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The feasibility of using natural fibers such as Kenaf to remove the heavy metals as a replacement for costly convectional methods of removing heavy metal ions has been reviewed. It is well known that the cellulose waste material can be obtained and is a cheap adsorbent. Some of the advantages of using Kenaf for wastewater treatment include simple technique, requires little processing, good adsorption capacity, selective adsorption ofheavy metal ions, low cost, free availability and easy regenerations. Two types of experiment were conducted. The first experiment was carried out by varying the concentration of the adsorbent and the solutions of heavy metals whilst another experiment was conducted by varying the amount ofthe kenaf fibres. Several runs of both experiments were conducted and the results were analyzed in order to achieve the primary objective of this project. The results obtained were analyzed using Atomic Adsorption Spectroscopy method. Kenaf fibres adsorbed more cadmium compared to nickel for both the individual solutions and mixed metal solution but the amount adsorbed in the mixed metal solution was comparably similar where as for individual solution, the adsorption of cadmium was higher compared to Nickel. Adsorption of metals also depends on the residence time. The longer the time, the more the metals are adsorbed.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Process Safety
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2013 09:37
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2013 09:37
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/9121

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