Welcome To UTPedia

We would like to introduce you, the new knowledge repository product called UTPedia. The UTP Electronic and Digital Intellectual Asset. It stores digitized version of thesis, dissertation, final year project reports and past year examination questions.

Browse content of UTPedia using Year, Subject, Department and Author and Search for required document using Searching facilities included in UTPedia. UTPedia with full text are accessible for all registered users, whereas only the physical information and metadata can be retrieved by public users. UTPedia collaborating and connecting peoples with university’s intellectual works from anywhere.

Disclaimer - Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.Best viewed using Mozilla Firefox 3 or IE 7 with resolution 1024 x 768.

Biodiesel Production From Palm Oil Mill Effluent (Sludge)

Isa, Faezah (2009) Biodiesel Production From Palm Oil Mill Effluent (Sludge). Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. (Unpublished)

[img] PDF
Download (1603Kb)

Abstract

Biodiesel which is also defined as alkyl-esters is produced from vegetable or animal oil through transesterification process. In this process, triglycerides contained inside the vegetable oil will react with alcohol to form alkyl-esters. Currently, the biodiesel plants in especially in Malaysia produce biodiesel from refined bleached de-odorized palm oil (RBDPO). As a result, the economical profits that can be obtained is greatly reduced as the cost of production is spread across four aspects, extraction of palm oil from palm fruits to become crude palm oil (CPO), refining it to become RBDPO, treating it with alcohols to become FAME, and further refining it to become biodiesel. This research is conducted to observe the possibility of palm oil effluent sludge (POME) into biodiesel. Palm oil refinery in Malaysia produces ton ofeffluent per day which can be converted to useful energy. The research begins by extensive literature review about biodiesel and also about the extraction of long chain fatty acid (LCFA) in effluent sludge. There are two types ofsludge used which is sludge oil from sludge bin and sludge water from pond that was undergo aerobic digestion. One ofthe ways to extract oil is by using adsorbent such as zeolites and activated carbon. In normal atmosphere condition, sample is stirred at 200 rpm for 10 minutes and then extracted using petroleum ether. Another method is by using sample ofsludge oil which being heated at 100 °C. Then, continued by filtration process to sieve the solid that diluted in the oil. Biodiesel process is conducted at 60 °C by using methanol and acid sulphuric as catalyst. Then, Free Fatty Acid (FFA) analysis and thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) to observe biodiesel produced.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Biofuel
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2013 09:50
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2013 09:50
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/9190

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...