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Production of Ethanol Bio-Fuel from Cassava

Ahmad, Anis Atikah (2009) Production of Ethanol Bio-Fuel from Cassava. Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The objectives of this experiment are to know the effect of starch and enzymes concentration towards the glucose production, to observe the texture ofstarch during the gelatinization process; to study fermentation process of ethanol from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and to study the rate of ethanol production, by obtaining amount of glucose produced per 1 kg of cassava starch. This study is conducted since there are critical issues of (1) petroleum sustainability, (2) volatility of world's crude oil price; rising significantly that effect all the living costs and (3) the urgent need of alternative, renewable, economic and environmental-friendly fuel. A renewable source, bio ethanol derived from cassava starch is studied as an alternative to petroleum fuel for transportation. The author has studied on starch characterization during gelatinization, and manipulated the concentration of enzymes during hydrolysis. It is found that during the continuous heating, the viscosity of starch keep increasing until a transparent paste is formed, which is a bit sticky. Theoptimum concentration of enzymes for liquefaction of 20%, 30% and 40% starch slurry is found to be 0.25% a-amylase with 0.2% amyloglucosidase which is similar as reported by Ku Ismail K. S, 2008. The authorhas proved the study by Aggarwal and Nigam, 2001 regarding the effective period of saccharification which is 24 hours, since the glucose concentration obtained in this experiment is much higher than the results reported by Ku Ismail K. S, 2008, who only saccharified for 1 hour. An improved calibration curve which has greater correlation should be obtained in order to improve the accuracy of the results. Ethanol yield from 20%, 30% and 40% starch with the same amount of enzymes (0.25% a-amylase and 0.2%amyloglucosidase) cassava starch are 14%, 16%, and 20%respectively, which are considered low comparedto Seinosuke studies(who obtained around 82.3 and 99.6%). 5 gram of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is assumed to be inadequate for an effective ethanol production. This low production might be due to no supplement provided for yeast, unsuitable environment condition for enhancing yeast growth and inadequate amount of yeast. i

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Material Development
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2013 11:19
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2013 11:19
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/9235

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