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High Seismic Energy

Salehudin, Mohd Taofiq (2010) High Seismic Energy. Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

A seismic source generates controlled seismic energy that is used in both reflection and refraction seismic surveys. A seismic source can be simple, such as dynamite, or it can use more sophisticated technology, such as a specialized air gun. Seismic sources can provide single pulses or continuous pulses of energy that generates seismic waves, which travel through a medium such as water or layers of rocks. Some of the waves then reflect and refract to receivers, such as geophones or hydrophones. Dynamite has been used since 1950's in seismic survey. After mid 1960's a number of non-dynamite sources were in various stage of development. For example development of air gun in 1966 at Texas and its have been widely used in the industries nowadays. But, various researches also been done to overcome the disadvantage of dynamite such as its insolubility in water and its liquid form and high gravity render makes it's very unfavourable in submarine operation. The purpose of this report is to represent an introduction about the project and state the problem along with the objectives and methodology used to solve the problem. The first chapter makes brief introduction to the project. The report continues with the second chapter, which is literature review. Then it is followed by methodology. Conclusion part summarizes the report content. The objective of the present research is to develop chemical explosion that can be used as seismic source which are safe to use and environmental friendly. Understanding on chemical explosion is crucial so that all safety precaution can be taken during all the experiment. Two different types of fuel will be used which are acetylene gas and gunpowder.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Reactor Technology
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2013 12:09
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2013 12:09
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/9403

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