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DESIGN AND ELECTRICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF A HUMIDITY SENSOR

MOHD AKHIR, MOHD ZUL YUSRI (2007) DESIGN AND ELECTRICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF A HUMIDITY SENSOR. Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This project objectives are to propose a method to fabricate a humidity sensor based on the changes in the Relative Humidity (RH %). A part for this project is to design and construct the humidity sensor circuit which is necessary to support the humidity sensor. Overall of this project can be classified as to design a working humidity detector prototype which consists of a humidity sensor and the electronic circuit. Zinc Oxide (ZnO) is identified as one of the best materials that can be used to fabricate the sensor. Zinc Oxide is called a hygroscopic material because of its tendency to absorb moisture. The capacitive type of sensor is chosen as a method to fabricate the sensor because it is the most sensitive to the presence of humidity. The Zinc Oxide is first mixed with diamine and Epoxy (hardener and adhesive) to become a pellet. This pellet becomes the dielectric for whose capacitance is measured to detect the humidity level and convert into the electrical signal. Laboratory experiments have been conducted to test the sensor performance. The signal conditioning circuit is constructed to complete the test. The Relative Humidity (RH %) is varied in ranges of 10% RH starting from 20% RH until 90% RH. From the experimental observation, the output voltage is found to correspond to the changes in the relative humidity. The output voltage increased when the relative humidity is increased and output voltage decreased when the relative humidity is decreased. The experiment also is conducted to test the standard humidity sensor and the result from the real sensor is become a standard reference for fabricated sensor.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Electrical And Electronics - Pervasisve Systems - Microelectronics - Sensor Development
Subject: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Engineering > Electrical and Electronic
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2013 16:31
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:45
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/9500

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