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Torrefaction of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch into Value-Added Solid Fuel

Nor Azmi, Omar (2011) Torrefaction of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch into Value-Added Solid Fuel. Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. (Unpublished)

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Dependence on fossil fuel as the main energy source has led to various negative impact upon human and environment. Uncontrolled use of fossil fuel leads to emission of greenhouse gases which later caused problems such as global warming and acid rain. Instable price of fossil fuel also caused variety of problems to daily life of human. Malaysia is well known as among world largest exporterof palm oil products; therefore providmg us with abundant source of palm oil wastes. These bio wastes are highly potential as a replacement for the current fossil fuel; one of it is palm oil empty fruit bunch (POEFB). However, POEFB has inferior quality as a reliable solid fuel. The qualities of concern are energy content and resistance toward degradation. Torrefaction has been identified as a suitable pre-treatment process to increase the qualities of untreated POEFB. Torrefaction is mildpyrolysis process underlow oxygencondition to imitate decomposition of long hydrocarbon process in POEFB. By manipulating the residence time and operating temperature for the process, an improvement can be made on the final desired product. This study investigated the effect of the parameters i.e. at 240°C, 260°C and 280°C for 30 minutes, 60 minutes and 90 minutes on the characteristics of the solid product. The final product was characterized using Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen and Sulphur (CHNS) analyzer, bomb calorific analyzer and Thermo-gravimetric analyzer (TGA).

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Biofuel
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2013 09:13
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:42
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/9548

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