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Influence Of Hysteresis On Relative Permeability Of Immiscible Water-Alternating-Gas (Wag) Injection Of Real Reservoir

Iman Binti Mohd. Kamal, Iman (2009) Influence Of Hysteresis On Relative Permeability Of Immiscible Water-Alternating-Gas (Wag) Injection Of Real Reservoir. Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Seri Iskandar,Tronoh,Perak. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The purpose of this project is to study the influence of hysteresis on the relative permeability with the emphasis on immiscible water-alternating-gas (WAG) injection. This analysis is focused on the use of simulation software which is ECLIPSE Black Oil Reservoir Simulator where the input or data is obtained from the Angsi Field reservoir. Before studying the hysteresis effect, some sensitivity studies on WAG parameters are conducted to find the optimum values. These parameters include water/gas injection rate, WAG cycle period as well as WAG ratio. From the sensitivity studies, it is found that the optimum value for water/gas injection rate is 13000 (stb/day and Mscf/day) meanwhile the optimum WAG cycle period is found to be 6 months. Although high gas injection rate is preferable prior to water flooding, however low gas injection rate is more desirable since it requires less facilities for the WAG process. Therefore 1:1 ratio is the best ratio for the WAG process. After all optimum values of the WAG parameters have been determined, then the hysteresis will be considered in the simulation. Here, the results between the hysteretic and non-hysteretic models will be compared in order to prove the theory in the conceptual study which is done by previous researches is valid or not. Based on the results, it is found that the hysteretic model gives higher recovery factor compared to non-hysteretic model (base case) as much as 11.4%. Although the increment is not really significant, it should be reminded that the simulation only considers a portion of the whole Angsi reservoir. If the whole reservoir is considered, definitely the increment will be higher. Therefore, it is proved that by considering hysteresis in WAG simulation, the oil recovery is higher compared to non-hysteretic model and thus the conceptual study done is valid.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 5 not found.
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2012 12:24
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:44
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/970

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