Ultracapacitor As A Backup Power Supply

Mohd Shah, Khairullzuan (2011) Ultracapacitor As A Backup Power Supply. [Final Year Project] (Unpublished)

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Today, power supply is the most important thing in our daily life. All
appliances need power supply to ensure the appliances can operate properly. Most
people have problems with the power supply especially when the power disturbances
occur. There are many types of power disturbances such as voltage dips and surges,
harmonics, or voltage spikes. Interruptions of power disturbances cause difficulties
and great monetary causes especially for those who are doing the businesses at home
such as internet business. These groups of people depend on internet and computer to
generate their income. Modem and computer need a power supply before they can
use it. However, their business will ruin if power disturbances occur. This problem
burdens them and cause great monetary causes. The objective of this project is to
design a backup power supply prototype for the home usage. In other words, backup
power supply that will be designed is the mini Uninterruptable Power Supply (UPS)
system. This system will use the bank of ultracapacitors as the energy source.
Ultracapacitors can replace UPS batteries because it is able to store more energy like
a battery. They have extremely high energy densities and exhibits low Equivalent
Series Resistance (ESR). Ultracapacitor are very strong in power density, safety,
environmental and performance efficiency. Ultracapacitor can accept charges at high
rate without degradation and can deliver power when needed. The main tools of
electronic components that will be used in this project are UPS system design as the
system to backup power, ultracapacitors to store the energy, voltage regnlator to
maintain constant voltage level and bulb as the load. There are two methods that can
use; by placing the ultracapacitors in parallel and placing the ultracapacitors in series.
Both methods have the advantages and disadvantages. When placing the
ultracapacitors in paralle~ the capacitance is bigger but voltage rating is smaller.
However, when placing the ultracapacitors in series, the capacitance is smaller but the
voltage rating is bigger. Small capacitance means the discharging time is fuster

Item Type: Final Year Project
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments / MOR / COE: Engineering > Electrical and Electronic
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2013 11:37
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:42
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/10347

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