Using Eye Movements To Control A Wheelchair

Nik Hasbollah, Nik Ammar (2011) Using Eye Movements To Control A Wheelchair. [Final Year Project] (Unpublished)

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Some people in this world suffer from physical disabilities which limit their daily
activities such as playing, walking, and communicating with other human beings. Many
attempts have been made in order to reduce the limitations by using available resources
such as the head movements, the brain activities, the eye movements and others. In this
project, we will utilize the signals generated during the movements of the eyes to
control a wheelchair. This attempt will help the people who suffer from the physical
disability of both arms and legs thus help them to do daily activities without much
supervision from other people. In the eye anatomy, two important parts are cornea and
retina. Studies indicate that the metabolic rate of the cornea and the retina are different
from each other, and this difference creates a very small voltage potential which is
called as corneoretinal potential. The corneoretinal potential is aligned with the optical
axis hence it changes with the direction of the gazes. Two pieces of electrodes will be
attached on the patient's head to detect the voltage potential between these two points.
An amplifier was designed to acquire the eye movement signals, and the signals
patterns for each type of movements are observed. A programming code was developed
based on the signals patterns to provide output controls for each type of the eye
movements. The project results show that the amplifier is capable to detect the eye
movements of left and right. However, some minor improvements need to be done in
order to detect the upward and downward eye movements.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments / MOR / COE: Engineering > Electrical and Electronic
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2013 11:07
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:42

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