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PRELIMINARY DESIGN OF PALM Oil. FROND GASIFIIm

Kimin, Mohd Azrul Amin (2008) PRELIMINARY DESIGN OF PALM Oil. FROND GASIFIIm. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This report is emphasizing on designing a gasi11cr that utilizes the palm oil frond as the carbonaceous feed material. Gasifier is the reactor where the gasification process occurs to produce combustible gas for power generation application. Malaysia is one of the largest palm oil producing countries in the world and ther~ nrc large amounts of palm oil tree waste especi,ally the lrond and lcuvllH prodttcl~d Currently, the waste such as the frond are not been managed well amd dispost'd in uncontrolled manner. To treat this tremendous biomass wuste, gasil1cal.ion 1:un he the way to convert the waste to be an alternative energy, in the form of combustible gas called producer gas or syngas. The methodology of the project is to plan and clarity the task to be done, followed by research on the project through literature review, determine the characteristic and thermal behavior of palm oil frond through material testing and lastly design the gasifier based on the characteristics of the frond. The gasifier with feed consumption of 150 kglh is designed since the gasifier is required to produce medium scale of power generation in the range of 50 to 200 kW. The palm oil frond gasifier has total dimension of 0.8 m in diameter and 2.5 m in height. The construction material for the gasifier is 5mm thick stainless steel and the insulation is made of rock wool. The producer gas produced is approximately 531.62 m3h-1 .The gasifier can generate power capacity of 166.32 kW with 70% of gasification efficiency and has total gasifier system efficiency of20.9%.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Mechanical Engineering - Petroleum
Subject: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Engineering > Mechanical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2013 08:48
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:45
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/10237

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