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Nitriding of X-52 Carbon Steel: Mechanical Characterization

Basharuddin, Muhammad Syahir (2011) Nitriding of X-52 Carbon Steel: Mechanical Characterization. Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Carbon steel is the most cost effective material that being used in oil and gas industry. Although it is widely used, it has some limitation particularly in terms of corrosion resistance. Improving the surface properties can be beneficial to reduce the corrosion rate. Nitriding is one of the methods to improve the surface properties of carbon steel typically done at 495-595°C for 70 hours. Since corrosion resistance is related to the metal surface interaction with the corrosive environment, improving surface by nitriding could increase corrosion resistance of carbon steel. However, typical length of nitriding which is 70 hours is not economical. Only thin nitride layer required to improved carbon steel corrosion resistance. Thus, objective of this research is to conduct nitriding at 450°C, 480°C, and 520°C for 8 hours only. Metallography characterization, surface hardness measurement, and XRD characterization after the treatment were performed to examine the result of the treatment The surface hardness of nitriding at 8 hours is similar with the surface hardness of nitriding at 70 hours. Higher nitriding temperature produces higher surface hardness. Nitriding at 450°C produced surface hardness of302HV. Surface hardness of 344HV is produced when nitriding at 480°C. Nitriding at 520°C produced the highest surface hardness which is 398HV. The only different is the case depth. 70 hours of nitriding can produced case depth around 25 ~m. Nitriding for 8 hours can only produced case depth of3~m to 6~m. Phase transformation does not occur at the core metal due to low temperature heat treatment. X-ray diffraction pattern shows that alloying nitride is form due to nitrogen diffusion. The presence of alloying nitride increases the surface hardness. The conclusion of this project is nitriding is successful at shorter duration of 8 hours but lower nitriding thickness of 3-6 ~m. The mechanical characteristic of the nitriding layer is comparable to the nitriding at 70 hours.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Mechanical Engineering - Materials - Engineering materials - Metals alloys - Fabrication
Subject: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Engineering > Mechanical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2013 15:45
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:41
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/10554

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