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Identification and Characterization of Corrosion Scale of Cooler Heat Exchanger

Ibrahim, Muhammad Syaril Azril (2013) Identification and Characterization of Corrosion Scale of Cooler Heat Exchanger. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The formation of hard scale due to cooling water corrosion has significant effect in reducing the heat transfer performance and integrity of heat exchanger. The objectives of this study are to identify the corrosion products of the internal heat exchanger tube, to characterize the mechanical and chemical properties of rust products in order to propose better cleaning method. The sample was obtained from PETRONAS refinery plant which then been cut and analysed. The identification of the corrosion products by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM)/Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX). Mechanical properties for the corrosion products are characterized using Vickers microhardness test and the dissolution of rust scale or the cleaning methods for the characterization of the chemical properties. The results found from XRD are Iron oxide Fe2O3, Hematite a-Fe2O3, Lepidocrocite g-Fe2O3 / Fe2O3.H2O / Fe + 3O(OH), Goethite a-FeOOH / Fe2O3.H2O and Magnetite Fe3O4. Moreover, Goethite α-FeOOH (cotton ball), Lepidocrocite g- FeOOH (fine crystal plate), cracking and flaking are found with FESEM and EDX approved the existence of their elements. From the hardness test, the hardness value found is 110HV. The corrosion scale was successfully removed by using industrial FOVAC F315 Rust Remover. In conclusion, laboratory characterization of corrosion scale can assist plant operator to provide better heat exchanger cleaning procedure.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Mechanical Engineering - Materials - Engineering materials - Metals alloys - Phase transformation
Subject: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Engineering > Mechanical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2013 15:20
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:39
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/10623

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