Welcome To UTPedia

We would like to introduce you, the new knowledge repository product called UTPedia. The UTP Electronic and Digital Intellectual Asset. It stores digitized version of thesis, final year project reports and past year examination questions.

Browse content of UTPedia using Year, Subject, Department and Author and Search for required document using Searching facilities included in UTPedia. UTPedia with full text are accessible for all registered users, whereas only the physical information and metadata can be retrieved by public users. UTPedia collaborating and connecting peoples with university’s intellectual works from anywhere.

Disclaimer - Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.Best viewed using Mozilla Firefox 3 or IE 7 with resolution 1024 x 768.

Sand Erosion Inside Pipe Of Crude Oil With 90° Bend By Cfd

Zieerwan Zainal, Zieerwan (2010) Sand Erosion Inside Pipe Of Crude Oil With 90° Bend By Cfd. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

Download (705Kb) | Preview


In oil and gas industry API RP 14 E is the most commonly used tool to evaluate production rate to limit erosion in oil and gas transportation system which received many criticism to be so simple and requiring little input. The objective of this simulation study are to simulate the flow of crude above wax appearance temperature (WAT) in pipe with 90° bend with varying parameter such as; flow rate, viscosity, sand particle size and geometry. A few assumptions have been made which are; Single phase crude oil flow, 3-Dimensional Flows, Fully Developed Turbulent Flows, Steady State Flows and Adiabatic. The geometry is developed using the Gambit 2.2.30 software. After that the geometry is exported to the Fluent 6.2.16 to be simulated. Mesh grid dependency is conducted to select the mesh which is suitable for the simulation. It is important to be done to avoid error. The basis of the simulation case are; Inlet Bulk Velocity = 1.8 m/s2, temperature 50°C (773 K), sand particle Size of 50μm, and adiabatic. The result showing that as the bulk velocity increase, the erosion rates at 90° bend increases. The Barton (2003) statement is compared with the result of the effect of viscosity of the fluid to the erosion rate. The erosion rate at 90° bend is high when the particle size is small and reduces as the particle size is increased. The effect of introducing a small pipe at 90° bend area is also observed. The erosion rate at the downstream of the pipe significantly reduces for in the new geometry. Overall, the simulation is successfully performed using the CFD Numerical Software and the objectives are achieved.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Subject: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Engineering > Mechanical
Depositing User: Users 5 not found.
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2012 12:23
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:43
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/1434

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...