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Distinguishing Micro-Scale Voltage Disturbances Using Wavelet Decomposition Techniques

Wan, Chen Yoong (2014) Distinguishing Micro-Scale Voltage Disturbances Using Wavelet Decomposition Techniques. Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Power quality (PQ) issues have raised the attention of all parties especially the power electronic community as the disturbances occurred during the power transmission and distribution downgrades the service quality of the power delivered and causes damage to the connected load. In this paper, three types of PQ disturbances: voltage sag, voltage swell and voltage notch are discussed and a novel approach to distinguish various PQ signal using wavelet multi-resolution decomposition technique is proposed. Today, wavelet transform is increasingly being employed in signal processing in place of Fourier-based technique. The main reason for advocating wavelet transform is that it not only traces signal change across time plane but it also decompose the signal across the frequency plane. In this paper, Haar wavelet and 4-levels of signal decomposition are adequate to detect and distinguish the disturbances from their background. All the modelling and classification processes are performed in MATLAB where wavelet-1D toolbox and MATLAB algorithm are developed and employed. Based on the wavelet decomposition technique, voltage sag and voltage swell disturbances are identified at low frequency bands such as detail coefficients d4 and approximation coefficients a4. Conversely, voltage notch disturbances are clearly captured at high frequency bands particularly in the detail coefficients d1 and d2. 3 types of PQ disturbances are well detected and distinguished by employing this method. This approach is effective in tracking various PQ disturbances as compared to the conventional point-to-point comparison method which is principally based on visual inspection.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Electrical And Electronics - Pervasisve Systems - Digital Electronics - Design
Subject: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Engineering > Electrical and Electronic
Depositing User: Ahmad Suhairi Mohamed Lazim
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2014 14:41
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:37
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/14410

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