Welcome To UTPedia

We would like to introduce you, the new knowledge repository product called UTPedia. The UTP Electronic and Digital Intellectual Asset. It stores digitized version of thesis, dissertation, final year project reports and past year examination questions.

Browse content of UTPedia using Year, Subject, Department and Author and Search for required document using Searching facilities included in UTPedia. UTPedia with full text are accessible for all registered users, whereas only the physical information and metadata can be retrieved by public users. UTPedia collaborating and connecting peoples with university’s intellectual works from anywhere.

Disclaimer - Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.Best viewed using Mozilla Firefox 3 or IE 7 with resolution 1024 x 768.

PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF POTASSIUM BASED CLAY CATALYST FOR BIODIESEL PRODUCTION

Draman, Ahmad Hanif (2015) PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF POTASSIUM BASED CLAY CATALYST FOR BIODIESEL PRODUCTION. IRC, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. (Unpublished)

[img]
Preview
PDF
Download (1073Kb) | Preview

Abstract

Biodiesel is an alternative fuel for diesel engines consisting of the mono alkyl ester of fatty acids that is produced from the vegetable oils or animal fats. Most of the biodiesel is made from the reaction of methanol, solid catalyst and palm oil, under trans-esterification process. The usage of heterogeneous catalyst is very important to increase the yield of biodiesel in this process, plus make it more environmental friendly and economically viable. In fact, there are many researchers still focusing on the use of heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production, especially solid base catalyst. From the previous research, this type of catalyst is more effective compare to solid acid catalyst. However, there are still some gap exist in the preparation of solid base catalyst, that can lead to a higher conversion of biodiesel in the trans-esterification process. Thus, a potential application of Potassium based MK-10 clay as a most effective catalyst for biodiesel production had been studied. KOH and K2CO3 have been prepared by wet impregnation method with the MK-10 clay catalyst. The ratio between different types of Potassium with MK-10 clay catalyst is 1:10. The characterization of both Potassium based MK-10 clays has been conducted by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET). The effects of the catalyst on the yield of biodiesel were investigated. The highest yield of biodiesel recorded was 72% with KOH/MK-10 catalyst. It was obtained at reaction time 4 hour, 2% wt catalyst, methanol to oil ratio of 10, and the reaction temperature at 60°C. Further studied on yield of biodiesel was done using KOH/MK-10 with different reaction temperature. The optimum temperature recorded for highest yield of biodiesel was at 60°C for 10 hour.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Separation Process
Subject: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Ahmad Suhairi Mohamed Lazim
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2015 15:52
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:35
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/15750

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...