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Thermal Study of Gasifier Based Biomass Cookstove

Nurul Aisyah Binti Mohd Zin, Nurul (2011) Thermal Study of Gasifier Based Biomass Cookstove. Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Sri Iskandar, Tronoh, Perak. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Biomass fuels have had been crucially important especially for people with limited access to other energy sources. Biomass energy technology such as gasifier is increasingly receiving attention as a promising renewable energy source because of the ever rising costs of fossils fuels especially diesel, and kerosene. Furthermore, fossil fuels adversely contribute to air pollution and global warming. Gasifier-based biomass cookstoves are 2-3 times greater efficiency than traditional cookstoves that use direct combustion method. The gaseous products of the cookstove are also relatively clean and environmental friendly. The purpose of this project is to characterize the basic operating properties of a gasifier-based biomass cookstove using different types of biomass fuels. These characteristics include the stove’s efficiency. All this information is very crucial as a reference for designing an improvement on current gasifier cookstove. Three different types of fuels are used in the experiment: oil palm frond, dry leaves and pressed sugarcane. The efficiency of the stove was tested using water boiling test. Other characteristics such as its ignition time and time required to boil certain amount of water were also observed in this project. Based on the experiments result, oil palm frond has the highest thermal efficiency and the best fuel to be used on Chemaco cookstove among the three fuels. Unfortunately, the stove did not capable of performing simmering phase of water boiling test. The design of gasifier-based biomass cookstove must be perfected to increase its efficiency to ensure maximum energy can be harvested from fuel used.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Subject: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Engineering > Mechanical
Depositing User: Users 5 not found.
Date Deposited: 21 May 2012 12:04
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:41
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/2717

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