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SIMULATION MODELS FOR SINGLE AND TWO-STAGE CHARGING OF STRATIFIED THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE

WALUYO, JOKO WALUYO (2011) SIMULATION MODELS FOR SINGLE AND TWO-STAGE CHARGING OF STRATIFIED THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE. PhD thesis, UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI PETRONAS.

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Abstract

The current practice of charging thermal energy storage (TES) tank is by using electric chillers. One of the main reasons is that the temperature limitation of the absorption chillers which might lead to freezing the refrigerant. This was the reason the absorption chillers at co-generated district cooling plants are not being utilized to charge the TES tank. This research focuses on the development of models incorporating absorption chiller to complement electric chiller to charge a stratified TES tank of a co-generated district cooling plant. The models were developed using two approaches, namely temperature distribution analysis approach and heat transfer approach. For the case of temperature distribution analysis, a function was selected to represent its profile. Functional relationship of the temperature distribution was used to formulate thermocline thickness, thermocline limit points, temperature transition point and limit capacity criteria. Using temperature distribution function, simulation model was then developed based on an open charging system. For the heat transfer approach, the models were developed as a close system by integrating the TES tank and chiller equipments. For the TES tank, one-dimensional flow conductiveconvection analysis was used, while the chillers utilized energy balance analysis. For both approaches two types of models, namely single stage and two-stage models were developed. The single stage model is limited to using electric chiller to charge the TES tank. While the two-stage models incorporate both the absorption and electric chillers with the absorption and the electric chillers function in sequence to charge the TES tank. Validation was performed on the single stage charging for both approaches. Results show similarities of temperature distribution values of R2 greater than 0.98 and parameters deviation lower than 6%. From statistical test acceptance analysis for the single stage model, t-computed has highest value of 0.035, which is lower than critical value of 2.145 from the t-distribution table. This indicates that both models were statistically acceptable. Comparisons of the single and two-stage models between the two approaches were also performed using simulation case studies. Results imply that the models are capable of predicting charging characteristic, with deviations lower than 4% for the charging durations and below 2% for the cumulative cooling capacity. Findings from simulations of the two-stage models indicate that the absorption chillers could be used to charge the TES in combination with electric chillers.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Subject: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Engineering > Mechanical
Depositing User: Users 6 not found.
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2012 08:17
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:42
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/2865

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